Department and Services
Gastroenterology focuses on the digestive system and its disorders. It includes the entire gamut of diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract -organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal - it basically covers the entire track from which food passes through.
For the sake of convenience of patients, we have included Hepatology in this section, which is traditionally considered a sub-specialty on its own. The treatment of diseases related to liver, pancreas and biliary tree is a part of this.
At RR Hospital & Research Centre, we have a robust team and equipments to treat the entire G.I. track, as well as liver and other related organs as given below. To know about our expertise in Gastro-Intestinal Surgery, visit our Surgery section.
• Systemic Disease
Liver is one of the most important organs of our bodies. It is also the largest solid organ of our body. It helps digest food, absorb nutrients, gets rid of toxic substances from our body. Diseases or damages of liver are called as hepatic diseases.
One of the most common liver problems is cirrhosis - over 2 lakh people are diagnosed with liver cirrhosis every year in India alone. Here, normal liver cells get damaged and are replaced by scar (dead) tissue - this decreases the amount of normal liver tissue and reduces the liver function. Though alcohol abuse is one the most common causes of Cirrhosis, this disease can also be caused due to viral infection (Hepatitis B or C), toxins, or by blockage of biliary system.
We have senior Hepatologists (Liver Specialists) who take care of liver related problems. Surgery of the liver is a complex and highly specialised procedure that is best undertaken by trained experts in this field. This department has vast experience in a wide variety of surgical conditions that affect the liver, pancreas, gall bladder and the biliary tree including tumours involving these organs and jaundice caused by benign blockage of the bile duct.
Endoscopy is the process whereby an optical instrument is introduced into a body cavity to inspect the organs directly.
• Gastroscopy : Enables the doctor to see the inside of the stomach and part of the small intestine.
• Variceal Banding : Variceal banding is an endoscopic procedure during which small elastic "O" rings are placed around varices to cause strangulation and sloughing of tissue. Variceal banding is the treatment of choice for bleeding varices.
• Flexibly Sigmoidoscopy : A flexible sigmoidoscopy is an examination of the lining of the rectum and sigmoid colon, and may include evaluation of part of the descending colon. In this procedure, a thin, short, flexible, lighted tube (sigmoidoscope) is inserted into the rectum.
• Colonoscopy : Enables the doctor to see the inside of the large intestine and part of the small intestine.
• ERCP : Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) combines the use of a scope and radiographs to visualise the pancreatic and bile ducts.